Happy Birthday Mandela
Posted by Jack Stephens on July 18, 2007
On 18 July 1918, Nelson Mandela was born in the village of Qunu in the Transkei, South Africa. Born to African royalty, Mandela (a Methodist Christian) studied and practiced law, joined the African National Congress during its Gandhian nonviolence stage, and later came to lead this central organization in the struggle against apartheid(racial separation) in South Africa. After the Sharpesville massacre (1961) of unarmed students, Mandela led the ANC to abandon its commitment to Gandhian nonviolence and take up arms in a campaign of sabotage and guerrilla warfare (terrorism was rejected).